Sultan al-Awliyah, Burhan al-Asfiyah, Qibla-e-Saalika, Waaqif-e-Haqeeqat, Jaami'e Uloom-e-Ma'rifat, Hadrat Shaykh Abu Saeed al-Mubaarak al-Makhzoomi Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho is the sixteenth Imam and Shaykh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyah Barakatiyah Ridawiyyah Nooriyah. He is the Great and Eminent Shaykh (Murshid) of Peeran-e-Peer Dastgeer Hadrat Sayyiduna Gawth al Aa'zam Shaykh abd al-Qadir al-Jilani Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. He was also appointed as a chief justice, but he later left his position. He spent all his time in the Zikr of Allah.
Hadrat Abu Saeed Mubaarak Makhzoomi Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho was born in Baghdad Shareef.
His blessed name is Mubaarak bin Ali bin Hassan bin Bandaar Al Baghdadi Al Makhzoomi and he was known as Abu Sa'eed. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]
He is the mureed and Khalifa of Shaykh Abul Hassan Ali Hakaari Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho. The Shajra of his Khirqa Mubaarak is as follows :
Hadrat Shaykh Abu Saeed Mubaarak Makhzoomi Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho was blessed with the Khirqa by Hadrat Shaykh Ibrahim Abul Hassan Ali Hakaari Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho, He received this from Shaykh Abul Farah Tartoosi Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,who received it from Shaykh Abul Fadhl Abdul Waahid bin Abdul Aziz Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,who received it from Shaykh Abu Bakr Shibli Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho. [Maqamaat-e-Dastageeri]
His spiritual sight was so powerful, that when he embraced anyone, or placed his sight on him, then he would become so pure, that his heart would divorce itself from the world and everything in it. He was one of the greatest Imams of Fiqh in his era. He was a muqalid of Imam Ahmed bin Hambal Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho.
Hadrat Abu Saeed Mubaarak Makhzoomi Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho is the founder of Baabul Azj, the most famous madrassa in Baghdad Shareef. He handed this madrassa over to Hadrat Ghaus-e-Azam Jilaani Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho in his physical life. Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho taught at this Madrassa, and his beloved children taught in it after his wisaal.
Hadrat Abu Saeed Mubaarak Makhzoomi Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho says,
"Shaykh Abdul Qaadir Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho wore the Khirqa from me and I from him, and each of us attained blessings from the other."
He was also a great Saahib-e-Karaamat and held a very exalted position in the chain of wilaayat. The incident relating to how Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho attained the Khirqa from his Peer, can be found in the next chapter, which deals with Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho.
Hadrat Shaykh Hamaad Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho who is from amongst the Masha'ikh of Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho says,
“Once Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho presented himself in the Darbaar of his Peer-o-Murshid. He sat with great respect in the court of his Peer. When he woke up and went outside, His Peer, Hadrat Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho said, The foot of this non-Arab is such, that in his era, his foot will be on the shoulders (necks) of all the Awliyah Allah, and this will occur when he says, This foot of mine is on the shoulders of all the Awliyah Allah, he will say this, and all the Awliyah will lower their necks.”
Many of the predecessors have remained silent concerning the names of his Khulafa, but the one name that shines out clearly is that of Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam, Shaykh Muhiyyudeen Abdul Qaadir Jilaani Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho.
He passed away on a Monday, the 7th of Shabaan 513 Hijri, in Baghdad Shareef. Some scholars have also said his wisaal to be on the 4th of Shabaan, 27th Shabaan or 10th Muharram.
His Mazaar Shareef is situated in his Madrassa "Baab al-Azj" and is the place of attaining blessings for the servants of Allah.
O Allah! For the sake of Abul Farah the harbinger of joy and glad tidings,
and for the sake of Abul Hasan and Abu Sa’eed, substitute for me with beatitude, my sorrows!!